Table of Contents
Q: What is Cryonite, and how does it work?
Cryonite is an alternative to insecticide and chemical based pest control solutions. This technology is non-toxic and effective. The method consists of spraying frozen (-110 °F) liquid carbon dioxide (CO2) to kill insects. The frozen CO2 freezes insects to death and leaves no residue. Because Cryonite contains zero chemicals, pests will not develop a resistance to the treatment.
Q: What insects are susceptible to Cryonite?
The most common insects susceptible to Cryonite are roaches, bed bugs, and stored product pests. Some companies have also used Cryonite in their stinging insect protocol. Since the cold snow expelled by the Cryonite applicator is lethal to many insects, it has many potential applications on sensitive accounts and unusual items.
If you have used Cryonite against another pest or in an unusual situation we would love to hear how it worked for you!
Q: Will Cryonite kill insects or only stun them?
Cryonite will kill most insects. Bed bugs, roaches and other insects can be very hardy pests. Many survive days, weeks, or even longer in what we would consider to be cold weather. However, the “snow” expelled by the Cryonite wand is -110 degrees Fahrenheit, which is much colder than anything a bed bug would experience in nature. The vast majority of small and medium bodied pests will be killed on contact. Some larger bodied insects may survive the blast of snow, particularly if they are harboring in an area that prevents direct contact. In these cases Cryonite will typically flush and damage the insect, after which they can easily be removed with a vacuum.
Q: Since Cryonite is a contact kill, what’s advantage to using this over a vacuum? If I can see the insect, why wouldn’t I just use a vacuum?
Vacuums are valuable pest control tools, but they are not a replacement for a Cryonite machine. Vacuums typically won’t dislodge bed bug eggs or flush out pests. More than likely, you will not have success vacuuming insects out of electronics or commercial kitchen equipment, but you would certainly want to vacuum them up after you have flushed and/or killed them.
Q: Will Cryonite penetrate deeply into a piece of furniture like a couch or a mattress?
There are items that may be difficult to treat with Cryonite just as there are items that are difficult to treat with heat, chemicals, or other methods. However, that doesn’t mean that Cryonite isn’t a valuable tool in many pest control applications. While the deep recesses of a couch or large stacks of clothing might not be efficiently treated with Cryonite, items such as electronics, outlets, antiques, etc. might not be safely treated with chemicals, steam, or heat.
Similarly, there are situations where other methods are impractical but Cryonite shines, such as commercial kitchens, hospital rooms, and movie theaters. Think of Cryonite as part of your pest control processes, not a stand-alone tool.
Q: Since there is no residual protection with Cryonite, how can you be sure you contacted every insect?
Typically Cryonite is not intended to be used as a stand-alone product. For instance, if you were to go into a commercial kitchen and use nothing but Cryonite against German roaches you could greatly reduce the population of roaches, but some would likely remain and reproduce.
Repeating a Cryonite application in addition to the following would institute a minimally invasive and incredibly effective pest control process:
- vacuum to remove dead roaches and stray food
- glue monitors
- roach bait
- insect growth regulator
- desiccant, or insecticidal dust
This method would not only achieve a quick knock down of the pest population, but would also provide a greater chance of long term success compared to many applications of a repellant insecticide.
Q: Will Cryonite blow insects like bed bugs off of a surface?
This entirely depends on the knowledge and skill of the person using the machine. The speed and force at which CO2 leaves the nozzle is entirely determined by the pressure applied to the wand trigger. You should always try to use the minimal pressure that still provides an adequate layer of dry ice snow to the insect. Higher pressure should only be used when the pest or application site require it.
Harder pressure would be beneficial in a situation where the target is hard to reach or see, like inside machinery in a food production facility. Lighter pressure should be used for bed bugs on the seam of a mattress because temperature, not pressure is what kills the insect. Using more pressure than necessary does not have any additional benefit while using up additional gas.
Q: What’s the point of using Cryonite or other environmentally friendly pest control devices if I still have to use a chemical residual treatments afterward? Couldn’t I simply use a chemical treatment?
There are several reasons:
- There are many items when a chemical application might not be appropriate, such as with items sensitive to moisture like electronics.
- Many customers may also look for companies that seek to reduce their use of chemical insecticides, and are willing to pay more for a treatment that reduces the amount of residual chemicals used in their home.
- Your treatment protocol will have a lower chance of failure due to insecticide resistance, and your lower chemical cost would increase profits.
- Using an integrated approach that blends non-chemical techniques, like Cryonite and vacuuming, with residual treatments reduces the chances for certain target pests, like bed bugs, to develop resistance.
Q: Can I apply Cryonite on any surface/material?
With the exception of a few items, Cryonite may be used on any surface or material.
Items to avoid:
Light bulbs, smoke/carbon monoxide detectors, and fire suppression systems.
Some pest professionals have reported that Cryonite can negatively impact some types of memory foam used in mattresses and pillows.
Some extremely thin materials may also be affected by dry ice snow.
If in doubt, apply to a small, inconspicuous test site to determine any reactions with the surface.
Q: Does the surface get wet when applying Cryonite?
A: No. The CO2 snow is dry ice, which evaporates directly into a gas without leaving moisture behind. However, as the treated item cools, moisture in the air may condense
of the surface. Any moisture created by condensation will quickly evaporate as the surface
Q: Can I use Cryonite on electric equipment?
A: Yes. Cryonite is safe to apply onto electric equipment, but avoid direct application to
electronics circuits and components. Moisture resulting from condensation can have negative
effects on some electronic components. To be safe, disconnect/unplug electrical appliances.
Q: Can anyone use Cryonite?
A: Any person who uses the Cryonite equipment should receive training using this manual and other Cryonite training materials before using Cryonite in the field. Typical pesticide regulations should not apply to Cryonite; however, consult your state’s regulations to be certain you remain in compliance.
Before You Use/Setup
Q: Is there any risk of suffocation when using Cryonite?
A: In laboratory studies and countless real world experiences no risk was found in well ventilated rooms. If you are treating an area that is very small or unventilated, you should exercise caution and take short breaks on a regular basis. Keep in mind that CO2 is heavier than oxygen and can displace other gasses in low areas. If you begin to feel short of breath immediately discontinue the application of Cryonite and move to a well well-ventilated area.
Q: When should I use the high-speed Jet Nozzle?
A: Only when treating large cracks, deep cracks, or voids in order to reach flush out insects hiding inside. Operate the Jet Nozzle at 50% pressure of the trigger, NOT full pressure. The standard nozzle should be used for most applications because it produces a higher quality snow, as it contains the optimum ratio of dry ice particle sizes.
Q: Do I always have to use the Grounding Cable?
A: In most cases, the grounding cable is not necessary. Use it when applying Cryonite
around electronics (integrated circuits), as these can be damaged by a static discharge.
Q: How cold does the snow get?
A: The dry ice snow emerges from the lance at -110°F (-78.5°C). The temperature of the target surface can drop to -20° to -40°F (-30° to -40°C) depending on the application, type of surface, and other circumstances, and is cold enough to kill all developmental stages of insects or mites. Take great care to avoid direct contact with exposed skin and eyes during application.
Q: How heavy is the Cryonite equipment?
A: The following are approximate weights:
Lance is 2 lbs (1 kg)
Hose & trolley are about 26 lbs (12 kg)
The weight of the CO2 cylinder depends on size (An aluminium cylinder containing 20 lbs (~10 kg) of liquid CO2 weighs about 55 lbs (25 kg)
Disconnect the cylinder from the hose & trolley prior to storing in a vehicle. For safety reasons, the cylinder combined with the trolley is too much weight to lift together.
Q: My Lance isn’t working. Can I fix it myself?
A: DO NOT attempt repairs yourself. All repairs should be completed by authorized Cryonite personnel. Email Customer Support at firstname.lastname@example.org for help and details.
Q: Snow is not coming out of the lance. What’s wrong?
A: Most likely, the CO2 cylinder tank is not equipped with a dip tube. A certain amount of CO2 gas is found at the top of all CO2 cylinder tanks. Without a dip tube, only CO2 gas — not liquid CO2 is entering the lance. The lance converts the liquid CO2 into the dry ice snow. Check with your local gas supplier that you are supplied with the right type of CO2 cylinder.
Q: Why do I have a gas leak at the cylinder connection?
A: Check if the washer ring is in place and in good condition. The washer ring stops hose-to-bottle connection leaking. If the ring is damaged or missing, replace with a new ring.
Q: Why does the connection get cold?
A: A small amount of turbulence occurs within the hose, resulting in slight cooling of the connection. This cooling has no effect on the production or quality of the dry ice snow.
Q: I cannot connect the lance to the hose!
A: You may run into this issue if you have already connected the hose to the cylinder and opened the cylinder valve prior to connecting the lance. The pressure in the hose prevents successful connection between the lance and the hose.
Solution: Close the valve of the cylinder, and release the pressure in the hose by unscrewing the hose nut near the cylinder about a half turn. When the gas pressure has been released, retighten the nut. Connect the hose to the lance, and reopen the valve.
Q: Why doe the Jet Nozzle sometimes freeze?
A: The high-speed Jet Nozzle is NOT meant for continuous use. When this occurs, wait for 20 to 30 seconds until the snow/ice has evaporated, then try again.
Q: Why does the snow stay so long on the treated surface?
A: This can have several causes:
The dry ice snow layer is too heavy or thick
The surface being treated is providing an insulating effect. The dry ice snow takes longer to evaporate when applied to insulating materials like carpeting or food items like flour.
When the dry ice snow layer takes longer than 30 seconds to evaporate, some insects may survive the treatment.
Q: How can I tell how much gas is left in the bottle?
A: The empty weight of the cylinder can be found stamped on the bottle, and the only way to be certain is to weigh it. Note that the last pound or so of CO2 in the cylinder cannot be
Q: How long does a cylinder of liquid CO2 last?
A: Usage of CO2 will vary depending on size of area and level of infestation. A 20 lb (~10 kg) cylinder of liquid CO2 will last less than 20 minutes of continuous application with the trigger fully depressed. Because application is performed with short bursts and at lower pressure, the time will increase accordingly.
Q: Where can I purchase get the CO2 cylinders, and where can I get them
A: A welding gas supplier should have siphon tube CO2 cylinders in stock, and be able to fill tanks or swap them between uses. Some common national brands include Airgas, Praxair, Nexair, Air Liquide, and Linde. Many fire extinguisher service companies are also be able to fill CO2 tanks.
Q: How do I store the cylinders?
A: Cylinders should be stored at temperatures below 85°F (30°C) with ideal storage temperature being 60° to 75°F (15° to 25°C). Temperature is also important when transporting the cylinder. If the temperature inside the cylinder exceeds 120°F (50°C), the result may be a loss of CO2 gas through the safety release valve. A hot cylinder can also affect the rapid freezing properties of the dry ice snow. DO NOT leave the cylinder exposed to direct sunlight either outside or in the vehicle.
Tip: For in-house use of Cryonite in manufacturing, food processing facilities, hospitals, etc.,
store cylinders locked in cool rooms. Have liquid CO2 cylinders delivered by the CO2 gas supplier.
Q: How do I transport the CO2 cylinders?
A: Local and national laws may vary, but we advise that bottles be transported in a secured upright position with the valve and handle protected from contact with anything else in the vehicle.
Q: What type and size tanks should I use with my Cryonite system?
A: You should only use liquid CO2 tanks equipped with a siphon or dip tube. The
standard size of these tanks is 20 lbs (~10 kg) (Note: 20 lbs refers to the weight of the liquid in the bottle when full, not the full weight of the tank). Your system can operate with any size tank, but if you want to use a 50 lb (~20 ks) or larger tank we recommend you use our industrial cart.